Italo Colantone is Assistant Professor of Economics at Bocconi University. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the Catholic University of Leuven (KUL). He teaches European economic integration and macroeconomics. His research focuses on international trade, applied industrial organisation, and political economy. He has authored several articles on the effects of economic integration on firm performance, industry dynamics, and political outcomes. His research has been published in leading journals such as the American Journal of Political Science and the Journal of International Economics. He has been involved in several research projects for the European Commission, and has acted as a consultant for the OECD.